Typically rectangular large, thick, flat pieces of concrete floor.
Concrete supports under a foundation that rest on solid ground.
Vertical structures constructed to hold back soil and resist lateral pressure caused when there is a change in ground elevation.
Reinforced concrete piers poured into holes drilled into ground.
Reinforced concrete beams that connect other structural elements such as footings and caissons into a foundation system.
Cast-In Place (CIP) Walls
Reinforced wall systems made of concrete poured on-site.
Brick or concrete block walls used in structures, for weight bearing retention, and/or for site improvements.
Large concrete panels poured on-site and tilted into place to form the exterior walls of buildings.
One or more floors of a building that are either completely or partially below the ground floor.
Flat surfaces capable of supporting weight that can form elevated floors of a building above basements, garages, parking lots, and other floors.
Walls constructed with concrete conveyed through a hose and pneumatically projected at high velocity onto a surface, reinforced by steel rod, mesh, or fibers.