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history of durban botanical gardens

History of the Site The ‘Herbarium’, consisting of a number of related buildings, is located on the western edge of the Durban Botanic Gardens which were established in 1849 (McCracken 1996: v).1 Fig 5: The Durban Botanical Gardens site in the early 1900’s (McCracken 1996:68) In 1851, it moved to a better, 15ha site on the lower slopes of the Berea and near the city’s heart. Email. [11] The collection consists of both local and exotic species. St Thomas Road is a dirt track and wooden planks cross a small stream. Die Botanischen Gärten Durbans (englisch Durban Botanic Gardens, kurz DBG) sind eine öffentliche Gartenanlage in Südafrika.Ihr Entstehen geht auf zwei landwirtschaftliche Versuchsstationen für Nutzpflanzen zurück. TRAIL OF LIGHTS BACK AT THE DURBAN BOTANIC GARDENS. Durban’s numerous parks include the Botanic Gardens with its orchid house, Jameson Park and its rose gardens, and Snake Park with its collection of poisonous reptiles. It was the Gardens’ early association with sugar industry pioneer, Edmund Morewood, who established the first sugar mill on the Colisheen Estate near Ballito. In 1851, it moved to a better, 15ha site on the lower slopes of the Berea and near the city’s heart. - See 1,203 traveler reviews, 624 candid photos, and great deals for Durban, South Africa, at Tripadvisor. Today the gardens are part of a network of botanic gardens that focus on core areas of biodiversity, education, heritage research, … [10] Around 1965 the Durban Botanic Gardens was noted for its collection of Cannas, and Ernest Thorp sent rhizomes of 3 varieties to Longwood Gardens in the United States upon request. The most notable specimens are those of Wood's Cycad. van der Bijl, a noted mycologist. Land was ceded to the group by Shaka, the Zulu king (whose right to take that action is disputed), and the Old Fort (now a museum) was built. The Durban Botanical Gardens were established in 1849, making them Durban’s oldest public institution and the oldest surviving botanical garden on the continent. 1849) is currently Africa’s oldest surviving botanic garden and remains a national and local City asset actively contributing to plant conservation and plant-based education. [2], There are at least 1,354 individual trees, and about 917 palms growing in the Durban Botanical Gardens.[11]. CLOSED: 31 December 2020; 1, 2, 3 January 2021, OPEN: from Monday, 4th January 2021 onwards, 09h00 - 17h45. [1], A German by the name of William Keit arrived from Glasnevin in Ireland to take over the curatorship of the gardens, but economic depression in Natal, a drought, and the Anglo-Zulu War took its toll. Picture: Supplied. A new history of Durban Botanic Gardens, Durban Parks Department, 1996, 125pp, ISBN 0-9584125-1-0. A little jem in the city ... Said to have been established in 1849 as an experimental station for tropical crops these gardens still keep a certain Victorian-like touch. - See 1,203 traveler reviews, 624 candid photos, and great deals for Durban, South Africa, at Tripadvisor. 1993: Durban Botanic Gardens Trust established, 1995: Music at the Lake Concert series launched by the Durban Botanic Gardens Trust as a fundraising initiative, 2000: Establishment of the Visitors Complex by the Durban Botanic Gardens Trust, 2012: John Medley Wood Medal awarded for first time, 2012: Living beehive erected (first scientific construction in Gardens in 90 years). Quite nice for a peaceful stroll under the numerous cycad and palm trees. Its most famous curator, John Medley Wood (1827-1915), made the gardens central to preserving one of the world’s rarest plants, the cycas Encephalartos He loaded us aboard and off we went. Did you know? Durban Botanical Gardens Durban - Comprehensive travel guide of Durban Botanical Gardens in Durban, Explore Location, Opening Closing Timings, How to reach, Entrance Fees, Opening Closing Days & Hours, Images of Durban Botanical Gardens Durban, South Africa at ixigo trip planner Harold Pearson came to South Africa in 1903 to fill the newly established chair of Botany at the South African College. John Medley Wood was an avid collector of ferns and published A Popular Description of the Natal Ferns in 1877, and The Classification of Ferns in 1879. Founded in 1851, Durban's Botanic Gardens were a response to Kew Gardens' challenge of creating botanic gardens around the world. Mark McKen, who was Curator of the Gardens at the time, was instrumental in bringing sugar to South Africa. [4] After Medley's death on 26 August 1915,[6] he was succeeded as curator of the herbarium by Dr P.A. It had its origin in a garden that was primarily established for the cultivation of vegetables, fruits and other agricultural crops. [9], Economic problems exacerbated by the suspension of a government grant in the last years of the Natal Colony caused the collapse of the Durban Agricultural and Horticultural Society, who had owned the Gardens. Under the direction of Parks Department chief and founder of the Durban Botanic Gardens, Trust Errol Scarr, he undertook the initial stage of the gardens’ renaissance. The goal was not only to furnish Kew with new plants, but also to help raise global awareness of potentially valuable plants. The first garden was established in December 1849 by Dr Charles Johnston on the edge of the Berea Ridge next to the Umgeni River (near Quarry Road). [9] Wood's Cycad is now the emblem of the Durban Botanic Gardens,[2] where the original specimens are still growing. Die im Eigentum der Stadt Durban befindlichen Anlagen dienen der Bildung, Forschung und Erholung. [10], In 1999 the gardens were surveyed and mapped so that the various plants and their relevant information could be traced with the aid of GIS software. The settlement of D’Urban at the time was little more than a village with three or four sandy tracks, an assortment of thatched cottages and huts, and one-double storey house on the corner of Anton Lembede and Dorothy Nyembe Streets (Smith and Gardiner). The Durban Botanic Gardens Africa's oldest surviving botanic garden The Durban Botanic Gardens have a beautiful collection of sub-tropical trees, palms & orchids. They have a collection of the rarest cycads in the world as well as a beautiful Orchid collection. Call. View More. Africa's oldest surviving botanic garden. [Donal P McCracken; Durban Botanic Gardens.] [1] He was in charge of the gardens for less than 1 year. Situated in the heart of Durban, the gardens span 15ha and focus on core areas of biodiversity, education, heritage research, horticultural excellence and green innovation. The Durban Botanic Gardens is situated in the city of Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. [1], A local farmer and rural trade store owner John Medley Wood who was a self-trained botanist took over the curatorship from 1882 to 1913, and the Durban Botanic Gardens was said to have enjoyed its heyday[1] with support of the governor of the colony of Natal, Sir Henry Bulwer who shared a keen interest in the Gardens. Read more. Selling for 5+ … It was created more than a hundred and fifty years ago and it exudes an aura of peace and tranquillity. ‘We have never been so excited to start work on any event,’ enthuses Martin Clement, Curator of Durban’s 171-year-old Botanic Gardens. [4] John Medley Wood founded the Natal Government Herbarium in 1882 which was at first a wood and corrugated iron hut in which he organised the storage of over 1,500 plant specimens. Read more. Posted on 17 November 2020 The historic Durban Botanic Gardens are bringing back their iconic Trail of Lights festival to help get holidaymakers and residents in the Christmas spirit. Durban Botanic Gardens: Golf cart tour of Botanic Gardens - See 1,203 traveller reviews, 624 candid photos, and great deals for Durban, South Africa, at Tripadvisor. The Durban Botanic Gardens was established to participate in the quest of Kew Gardens to establish a series of botanic gardens across the world which would assist in the introduction of economically valuable plants, and to supply plants to Kew that were new to science. Today the gardens are part of a network of botanic gardens that focus on core areas of biodiversity, education, … Celebrate Christmas spirit with light . Für seine Verdienste verlieh ihm die University of Cape Town im Jahre 1913 die Ehrendoktorwürde . The water here is from a natural spring and is one of the watering holes that the Berea elephants, the last of which was seen round the mid 19th century, would … In 1992 and 1993 the cycads were rearranged to represent their geographic distribution. He saw the need for a botanic garden in Cape Town and set about achieving that goal. [1] A Scot called Mark McKen then took his place and began to establish gardens of plants of economic value such as sugar cane, tea, coffee and pineapples. Steve. Durban’s Botanic Gardens has been in existence for more than 150 years and it is the city’s oldest public institution. A new history of the Durban Botanic Gardens. P. McCracken. Botanical Gardens is one of the oldest and most beautiful gardens in Durban. Established in 1849, the garden was part of the Kew Gardens in England project to establish a series of botanical gardens across the globe which would assist in the introduction to plants of possible value. 1963: The Charles James Tea Gardens were opened by the Natal Anti Tuberculosis Association. It is Durban’s oldest public institution and Africa's oldest surviving botanical gardens. Explore nature and flowers in the beautiful Durban Botanic Gardens and don't forget to refill at high tea cafe. [7] This cycad was subsequently named in honour of him in 1908 as Wood's Cycad (Encephalartos woodii) by the English horticulturalist Henry Sander. Mitglieder der Natal Agriculture and Horticultural Society suchten um 1848 östlich des damaligen Stadtgeländes nach einer geeigneten Fläche, um auf ihr einen Versuchsgarten zu erricht… Durban Botanic Gardens: beautiful garden - See 1,203 traveler reviews, 624 candid photos, and great deals for Durban, South Africa, at Tripadvisor. Beautiful historic gardens planted with huge trees and an outstanding Orchid house that still retains the fabulous display of flowering Orchids in season while watching koi carp, a very tranquil place to sit and admire nature at its best. Durban was founded in 1835 on the site of Port Natal and was named for Sir Benjamin D’Urban, the governor of the Cape Colony. This photograph shows the entrance gate and beyond it the main path of the Botanic Gardens. [2] While Ernest Thorp was the curator, F. W. Thorns was the director. The Durban Botanical Gardens were established in 1849, making them Durban’s oldest public institution and the oldest surviving botanical garden on … There it languished in splendid isolation, still visited by roaming lion, though somewhat cut off from the growing town by the famous Eastern Vlei, an extensive wetland which ran from the Umgeni right up to near the present-day Warwick Avenue. Pearson had decided that the eastern slopes were the most suitable site for the garden and was thinking it could be at Grootte Schuur Estate, which would then be linked to the … Founded in 1851, Durban's Botanic Gardens were a response to Kew Gardens' challenge of creating botanic gardens around the world. While the year 2020 has been marred with the Covid-19 pandemic, it is not all doom and gloom, as holidaymakers can look forward to the magical botanical outdoor Trail of Lights. [6] His most famous discovery was a clump of a large species of cycad in Ongoye Forest in 1895. Preparation work at the Durban Botanic Gardens usually begins well in advance, but this year plans have been hampered because of the national lockdown. Id Subtitle 719359646. Durban Botanic Gardens: An historic gem! McKen, having spent time at Bath Botanic Gardens in Jamaica, knew the sugar industry well and varieties such as Uba found their way into the Durban Botanic Gardens during his time and the time of Medley Wood. Durban Botanic Gardens is Africa’s oldest surviving botanical garden. Botanical Gardens is one of the oldest and most beautiful gardens in Durban. Fancy a picnic under one of the trees? [4] In 1913, most of the garden was transferred to the Durban Corporation also known as the City of Durban, but about 1 acre (0.40 ha) including the herbarium and Medley Wood's house was excised and transferred to the Union Department of Agriculture, the following year. He was in charge of the gardens for less than 1 year. The gardens cover an area of 15 hectares (37 acres) in a subtropical climate. He saw the need for a botanic garden in Cape Town and set about achieving that goal. Durban Botanical Gardens Durban - Comprehensive travel guide of Durban Botanical Gardens in Durban, Explore Location, Opening Closing Timings, How to reach, Entrance Fees, Opening Closing Days & Hours, Images of Durban Botanical Gardens Durban, South Africa at ixigo trip planner The Durban Botanic Gardens (Est. The Durban Botanical Gardens were established in 1849, making them Durban’s oldest public institution and the oldest surviving botanical garden on the continent. It is Durban’s oldest public institution and Africa's oldest surviving botanical gardens. While the year 2020 has been marred with the Covid-19 pandemic, it is not all doom and gloom, as holidaymakers can look forward to the magical botanical outdoor Trail of Lights. In fact, this is the first time in the history of the Gardens that it has been closed to the public. Explore nature and flowers in the beautiful Durban Botanic Gardens and don't forget to refill at high tea cafe. A view of large trees and cycads at the Durban Botanic Gardens, Scabiosa africana at the Indigenous Plant Fair 2010, Stangeria eriopus; a cycad once thought to be a fern, Scadoxus puniceus growing in the shade of the trees, Africa's oldest surviving botanical gardens, in South Africa, The new entrance to Durban Botanic Garden, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Durban Agricultural and Horticultural Society, List of botanical gardens in South Africa, "Beach and Bush adventure expeditions: Botanical Gardens", "Letter from John Medley Wood to Sir William Thiselton-Dyer; from Natal Botanic Gardens, Durban; 13 Jan 1885; one page letter comprising one image; folio 1724", Botanical Society of South Africa: Plant Fair, List of Southern African indigenous trees and woody lianes, List of marine animals of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay, List of seaweeds of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay, Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands, Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests, Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets, Nieuwoudtville-Roggeveld Dolerite Renosterveld, Richtersveld Sandy Coastal Scorpionstailveld, Southern Namaqualand Quartzite Klipkoppe Shrubland, Southern Richtersveld Inselberg Shrubland, Stinkfonteinberge Eastern Apron Shrubland, Pondoland-Natal Sandstone Coastal Sourveld, Subantarctic Biotic Herbfield and Grassland, Addo Elephant National Park Marine Protected Area, Namaqua National Park Marine Protected Area, Table Mountain National Park Marine Protected Area, Agulhas Bank Complex Marine Protected Area, Browns Bank Complex Marine Protected Area, iSimangaliso Offshore Marine Protected Area, Namaqua Fossil Forest Marine Protected Area, Prince Edward Islands Marine Protected Area, Southeast Atlantic Seamounts Marine Protected Area, Southwest Indian Seamounts Marine Protected Area, Port Elizabeth Corals Marine Protected Area, Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries, Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality, South African Association for Marine Biological Research, South African Environmental Observation Network, South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology Virtual Museum, University of KwaZulu-Natal Botanical Garden, List of authors of South African botanical taxa, List of authors of South African animal taxa, Environmental impact of recreational diving, International Union for Conservation of Nature, South African Sustainable Seafood Initiative, National Environmental Management Act, 1998, National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, 10 of 2004, National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Act, 24 of 2008, National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act, 57 of 2003, List of field guides to South African biota, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Durban_Botanic_Gardens&oldid=995935684, 1849 establishments in the Colony of Natal, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 17:39. 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